International Journal of
MediPharm Research

ISSN 2395 - 423X

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Kajiram Adhikari
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Abstract

Prescribing Pattern of Antihypertensive Drugs in Hypertensive Patients in Tertiary Care Hospital

Md. Niyaz Alam*,  Md. Quaisul Hoda

ABSTRACT

Objectives :To Evaluate the Prescribing Pattern of antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients in tertiary Care Hospital Setting : It was a prospective drug utilization study. About 70 patients using antihypertensive drugs were included. Patients were interviewed after obtaining informed consent. Method : It was a duly approved, prospective study, in patients on antihypertensive therapy, conducted by competent professionals. The data was obtained from physicians’ prescribing records and patients by individual interviews using the structured proformas as per World Health Organisation guidelines. Key findings: 70 patients, suffering from hypertension were evaluated. Among 70 hypertensive patients by regularly visiting the hospital 21(30%) were males and 49(70%) were females indicating that hypertension is slightly more prevalent in females in comparison to males. The maximum number of hypertensive patients fell under the age group of 51-60, followed by the age group of 61-70, 41-50, and 31-40 years. It was observed that 43.4% of the patients were non-vegetarian and 56.6% of the patients were vegetarians, 64.2% were non-alcoholic and 35.5% were alcoholic. Our study finds that amlodipine (calcium channel blocker) (30.6%) and Atenolol (beta blocker) (24.0%) were the most frequently prescribed drugs followed by angiotensin II receptor antagonist, diuretics & ACE inhibitors. Conclusion: The prospective study demonstrated that the incidence Hypertension were more prevalence in female. Beta Blockers were most frequently prescribed drug in addition to Calcium Channel Blockers. . Keyword: Prospective, Hypertension, Prevalence, Therapy.

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