International Journal of
MediPharm Research

ISSN 2395 - 423X

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Abstract

“Tomato seed mycoflora of Vidarbha region”

Meraj-ul-haque and P. B. Nandkar

ABSTRACT

The tomato has many medicinal uses. The pulp and juice of the fruit is degestiable and mild aperients, a promoter of gastric secretion and a blood purifier. It is also considered to be an intestinal antiseptic as it has a cleaning effect in the enteric portion of the alimentary canal. It is also said to be useful in canker of the mouth “nurses sore mouth” etc. it stimulate torpid liver and is good in chronic dyspepsia. Fresh edible portion of tomato contain 94.1% water, 1 % protein, 0.3 % fat, 4.0 % carbohydrate, 0.6% fibre, 0.3% Nicotonic acid, 0.13% Pantothenic acid, 23 mgm/100 gm Vitamin C, 0.27% Vitamin E, 0.004% Biotin, 150 mgm/100 mg Malic acid, 390 mgm/100 mg Citric acid, 7.5 mgm/100 gm Oxalic acid respectively. Tomato is an economically important vegetable crop, suffering from many fungal diseases. Seed fungal mycoflora are of considerable importance due to their influence on the overall health, germination and final crop stand in the field. Infected seed plays a key role in the dissemination of plant pathogens and disease establishment, they are carriers of some important seed-borne diseases caused by microorganisms which results in considerable losses in yields. Some of the seed-borne fungi were found to be very destructive, caused seed rot, and decreased seeds germination. Also, cause pre and post germination death. Seed-borne fungi are, however, easily controlled compared to air-borne or soil-borne fungi. There is no much work on seed-borne fungi from Vidarbha region, hence present crop is taken for detailed study.

Key words:Tomato seed, mycoflora, Vidarbha region.

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